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Accessibility

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Indian IP Office and Website Accessibility for Persons with Blindness – Order of CCPD

Indian IP Office and Website Accessibility for Persons with Blindness - Order of CCPD

The Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016 ("RPwD Act") was enacted with the objective of giving effect to the provisions of the UN Convention of Persons with Disabilities to which India is a member state. The RPwD Act requires Government and private establishments to provide information, communications and documents in formats that are accessible to persons with disabilities. The Act also mandates establishments to provide reasonable accommodations, and states that not providing such accommodations amounts to discrimination. The Rights of Persons with Disabilities Rules, 2017 ("RPwD Rules") state that  websites, documents and communications must comply with website standards of...

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Indian IP Office and Accessibility for Persons with Disabilities

Indian IP office and Accessibility for Persons with Disabilities

One of the biggest issues in modern societies is perhaps a growing sense of apathy towards fellow human beings. Intellectual property as a field has not been untouched by this issue. The Marrakesh treaty for instance since it was first put forward, has garnered only 70 signatories till date out of the 190+ member states that form part of the WIPO. This post however does not intend to deal with or question the aforementioned issues themselves but instead seeks to highlight the efforts of organizations such as Cane Foundation in seeking accessibility of IP tools and systems and also laud...

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Open Science and its Facets – ICCIG 4 at IIM, Ahmedabad

ICCIG 4

As a part of the Fourth International Conference on Creativity and Innovation at/for/from/with Grassroots [ICCIG 4] at IIM, Ahmedabad, Professor Arul George Scaria organized a session on 'Fostering Open Science.' I was fortunate to participate in the well organized panel discussion and learn from its proceedings. From my knowledge,Professor Arul is the only scholar in India researching on Open Science from the legal perspective. His emperical study driven report on Open Science will be released soon, and his insights about Open Science and its relevance in today's context were thought provoking. The extent of progress of the Open Science Movement...

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Literary Works to Braille – Which Exclusive Right?

  I write in response to Dr. Sunanda Bharti's post on Spicy IP, which talks about rights granted to copyright owners of literary works, and which right is involved in converting a literary work to Braille. In  my opinion, the answer is not so complex as it seems. Braille is not a  language, it is a form of expression of a language. It has the same alphabets as the language and nothing changes except the way in which letters are represented. So, converting a work into Braille does not amount to translation or even transliteration. By writing a literary work in Braille, one is making an...

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Accessibility of Science to Persons with Blindness: Miles and Miles To Go

Accessibility

In my earlier post, I spoke about the legal framework for access of information and data to persons with blindness and other disabilities from the copyright and disabilities statute perspectives. In the article, I pointed out that access has been placed at less than one (1) percent and that the proportion of access is diminishing as the universe of information is expanding at a rapid rate. Sources and forms of information are changing so fast that   that accessibility is finding it impossible to catch up for various reasons. Publications, data and materials   are some of the basic elements of scientific...

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Blindness and Accessible Books: From Marrakesh to Marella Gunta Palem

The Marrakesh Treaty

Marrakesh is a busy city in Morocco. It is a popular tourist destination. The Marrakesh Treaty to facilitate accessibility of published works to persons with blindness was signed in and named after the city. Marella Gunta Palem is a small, agricultural village in the State of Andhra Pradesh, India. Less than hundred families live in the village, which has basic information and communication infrastructure. It has been approximately six years since the Marrakesh Treaty was signed, and just more than two years since it came into force. India was the first country to ratify the treaty, and at the time, it was...

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