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The Infomation Technology Act 2000

BananaIP Counsels > The Infomation Technology Act 2000

View the IT Act 2000

Chapter I: Preliminary


1. Short title, extent, commencement and application

2. Definitions


Chapter II: Digital Signature And Electronic Signature


3. Authentication of electronic records.

3A. Electronic signature.


Chaptaer III :Electronic Governance


4. Legal recognition of electronic records.

5. Legal recognition of digital signatures.

6. Use of electronic records and digital signatures in Government and its agencies.

6A. Delivery of services by service provider.

7. Retention of electronic records.

7A. Audit of documents, etc., maintained in electronic form.

8. Publication of rule, regulation, etc., in Electronic Gazette.

9. Sections 6,7 and 8 not to confer right to insist document should be accepted in electronic form.

10. Power to make rules by Central Government in respect of digital signature.

10A. Validity of contracts formed through electronic means.


Chapter IV: Attribution, Acknolwedgment and Despatch of Electronic Records


11.Attribution of electronic records.

12. Acknowledgment of receipt.

13. Time and place of despatch and receipt of electronic record.


Chapter V: Secure Electronic Records and Secure Digital Signatures


14. Secure electronic record.

15. Secure digital signature.

16. Security procedures and practices.


Chapter VI: Regulation of Certifying Authorities


17. Appointment of Controller and other officers.

18. Functions of Controller.

19. Recognition of foreign Certifying Authorities.

20. Licence to issue electronic signature Certificates.

21. Application for licence.

22. Renewal of licence.

23. Procedure for grant or rejection of licence.

24. Suspension of licence.

25. Notice of suspension or revocation of licence.


26. Power to delegate.

27. Power to investigate contraventions.

28. Access to computers and data.

29. Certifying Authority to follow certain procedures.

30. Certifying Authority to ensure compliance of the Act, etc.

31. Display of licence.

32. Surrender of licence.

33. Disclosure.


Chapter VII : Electronic Signature Certificates


35. Certifying Authority to issue Electronic Signature Certificate.

36. Representations upon issuance of Digital Signature Certificate.

37. Suspension of Digital Signature Certificate.

38. Revocation of Digital Signature Certificate.

39. Notice of suspension or revocation.


Chapter VIII: Duties of Subscribers


40. Generating key pair.

41. Acceptance of Digital Signature Certificate.

42. Control of private key.




Chapter X: The Appellate Tribunal


48. Appellate Tribunal.

49. [Omitted.].

50. [Omitted.].

51. [Omitted.].

52. [Omitted.].

52A. [Omitted.].

52B. [Omitted.].

52C. [Omitted.].

52D. Decision by majority.

53. [Omitted.].

54. [Omitted.].

55. Orders constituting Appellate Tribunal to be final and not to invalidate its proceedings.

56. [Omitted.].

57. Appeal to Appellate Tribunal.

58. Procedure and powers of the Appellate Tribunal.

59. Right to legal representation.

60. Limitation

61. Civil court not to have jurisdiction.

62. Appeal to High Court.

63. Compounding of contraventions.


64. Recovery of penalty or compensation.


Chapter XI: Offences


65. Tampering with computer source documents.

66. Computer Ralated Offences.

66A. Punishment for sending offensive messages through communication service, etc.

66B. Punishment for dishonestly receiving stolen computer resource or communication device. 

66C. Punishment for identity theft.

66D. Punishment for cheating by personation by using computer resource.

66E. Punishment for violation of privacy.

66F. Punishment for cyber terrorism.

67A. Punishment for publishing or transmitting of material containing sexually explicit act, etc., in electronic form.

67B. Punishment for publishing or transmitting of material depicting children in sexually explicit act, etc., in electronic form.

67C. Preservation and retention of information by intermediaries.

67. Publishing of information which is obscene in electronic form.

68. Power of Controller to give directions.

69. Power to issue directions for interception or monitoring or decryption of any information through any computer resource.

69A. Power to issue directions for blocking for public access of any information through any computer resource.

69B. Power to authorise to monitor and collect traffic data or information through any computer resource for cyber security.

70. Protected system.

70A. National nodal agency.

70B. Indian Computer Emergency Response Team to serve as national agency for incident response.

71. Penalty for misrepresentation.

72. Penalty for Breach of confidentiality and privacy.

72A. Punishment for disclosure of information in breach of lawful contract.

73. Penalty for publishing electronic signature Certificate false in certain particulars.

74. Publication for fraudulent purpose.

75. Act to apply for offence or contravention committed outside India.

76. Confiscation.

77. Compensation, penalties or confiscation not to interfere with other punishment. 

77A. Compounding of offences.

77B. Offences with three years’ imprisonment to be bailable.

78. Power to investigate offences.


Chapter XII: Intermediaries Not To Be Liable In Certain Cases


79. Exemption from liability of intermediary in certain cases.


Chapter XIIA Examiner Of Electronic Evidence


79A. Central Government to notify Examiner of Electronic Evidence.


Chapter XIII Miscellaneous


80. Power of police officer and other officers to enter, search, etc.

81. Act to have overriding effect.

81A. Application of the Act to electronic cheque and truncated cheque.

82. Controller, Deputy Controller and Assistant Controller to be public servants.


83. Power to give directions.

84 Protection of action taken in good faith.

84A. Modes or methods for encryption.

84B. Punishment for abetment of offences.

84C. Punishment for attempt to commit offences.

85 Offences by companies.

86 Removal of difficulties.

87 Power of Central Government to make rules.

88 Constitution of Advisory Committee.

89 Power of Controller to make regulations.

90 Power of State Government to make rules.

91 [Omitted.].

92 [Omitted.].

93 [Omitted.].

94 [Omitted.].

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