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Intellectual Property News and Analysis – Intellepedia

Personality Rights in India – Part II

This Image depicts the word art of 'Personality'. This Image is relevant as the article deals with the Persoanlity Rights in India. Click on this Image for more Information.

This post was first published on 26th June, 2014.   Justification for Publicity Rights is based on the Lockean Labor Theory, which essentially says that the fruits of one’s labor are one’s own. Therefore, Publicity Rights permit the exploitation of one’s persona by oneself. Unauthorized use of a person’s identity, including the person’s name, voice, image and likeness for commercial gain may give rise to a successful cause of action against the infringing party. Since Publicity Rights are one of the two parts of Personality Rights, let us now look at the relevant law for the protection of Personality Rights: 1. The Apex Court of...

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Inventive Step of an Invention Analysed

This post was first published on 16th July, 2014.   We will today discuss a case in the Indian Patent history that showcases how the IPAB and the IPO analyse the Inventive Step or Obviousness of an invention. Green Cross Holdings (Appellant) v/s Controller of Patents and Deputy Controller of Patents (Respondents) Case: This judgment, passed on June 18th, 2014 by the IPAB, was based on an appeal made by Green Cross Holdings against the order made by Deputy Controller of Patents on Aug 13th, 2009, rejecting their application (Appl.no: 1563/DEL/2005) for the invention titled Pharmaceutical preparation of recombinant Factor VIII lyophilized without Albumin as a stabilizer. Objections...

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Domain Names, Email or Private Communication as Proof of Trademark Use

This image reads Evidence in bold red. This post talks about what is admissible as evidence in cases questioning trademarks. Click on the image to read the full post.

This post was first published on 7th July, 2014.   In this post, we will look into whether the mere use of trademark as part of a domain name or as an email id or even as private communication between parties can stand as proof of use of a trademark. Documentary proof is generally submitted to show that an Applicant has been continuously using an impugned mark.  It is an effort for Applicants to show trademark examiners how they use the trademark to represent the source of origin of products and services. In order to consider a document as evidence for the use...

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“Digital Infringers, Beware of the Goonda Act!”

This Image depicts the Vidhaana Soudha of Karnatakaa.This Image is relevant as the article deals with the Goonda Act passed by Karnatakaa Assembly. Click on this Image for more Information.

This post was first published on 4th August, 2014.   On 28th July, 2014, the Karnataka State Government passed a legislature, under which a person can now be arrested in Karnataka even before he/she commits an offence, under the IT Act. Shocking, isn't it? Let's shed some more light on it. In case you own a Smartphone and have a WhatsApp account, if the government thinks you are planning to send a 'lascivious' photo to a WhatsApp group, or forward a Copyrighted Song to a friend, you can now get charged under the Amended Act. The Karnataka Government in the Karnataka Prevention of Dangerous Activities of Bootleggers, Drug-offenders,...

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Intellectual Property Protection for Computer Programs – Part IV

This image depicts compilation of source code of a program. This image is relevant as the post is about Intellectual property protection for programs. Click on the image for more information

This post was first published on 15th October, 2014.   In the final post of this series, we shall be looking into the concept of software patents and examining the extent to which patent law is effective in protecting computer programs. As mentioned earlier, protection of computer programs under the Copyright Law is limited to the protection of the literal elements of a computer program, i.e., the source code and the object code, and does not extend to the underlying idea and functional elements of the software. A patent, on the other hand, grants a more secure protection than Trade Secret or Copyright,...

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Fair Use vs. Copyright Infringement

The image has multiple copyright symbols in different colours. The post discusses some cases on fair use exception. Click on image to read post.

  This post was first published on 1st September 2014.   1. Cariou vs. Prince Photograph: Patrick Cariou - 2000; Adaptation: Richard Prince – 2008(both via artnet)  Richard Prince, the well-known appropriation artist - one who transforms the work of others to create new meaning in his work was sued by Patrick Cariou, a lesser-known photographer when Prince used several of Cariou’s photographs in a series of collages that were sold for tens of millions of dollars. Richard Prince, for an exhibition in the Gagosian Gallery, appropriated 41 images from a photography book by French photographer Patrick Cariou. Prince claimed Fair Use for the creation of his...

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Patentability of Laws of Nature

This image depicts the Court Hammer. This image is relevant as patent has been rejected for the Laws of Nature. Click on the image for more information

This post was first published on 2nd September, 2014.   Today we will discuss a case where a patent was rejected based on the patent ineligible subject matter. Mayo Collaborative Services (Appellants) and Prometheus Laboratories (Respondents) Patents in Dispute: US 6,355,623 and US 6,680,302 Case: Prometheus had an exclusive license over these patents and Mayo was using diagnostic kits based on these patents from Prometheus until 2004 after which Mayo developed its own diagnostic tests for the same purpose. Prometheus sued Mayo for infringement at the District Court in 2004. The claims of the patents were directed to a method of treating a patient with auto-immune gastrointestinal disorder by determining the...

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Father of the Electronic Idiot Box

This image depicts Philo Fransworth with a Television of the medieval era. This image is relevant as the post is about patent of the Idiot Box. Click on this image for more information

This post was first published on 2nd September, 2014.   Mr. Fransworth is regarded as the Father of Television. I would rename him as Father of Electronic Television, as most of us, including me, have learned in our school days that Mr. John Logie Baird is the Father of Television. The truth is Mr. Baird’s television was based on electro-mechanical systems, whereas Mr. Fransworth’s television was electronic. Mr. Fransworth showed glimpses of his brilliance since childhood by describing and diagramming a television in 1921, when he was just 14 years old. After dropping out of college due to adverse financial conditions, at the age of 20,...

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Post-dating Patent Applications

This post was first published on 15th July, 2014.   A provisional patent application is usually filed with a singular purpose - To gain the first (earliest) filing date or to gain priority for the application. As we are aware, gaining priority or an earlier filing date is imperative to the patent grant process. Why then, do we find so many of us opting to post-date their provisional application before filing a complete specification? Post-dating refers to the shift in the Priority date of an application to a later date. The post-dating provision is available in various jurisdictions and in India, an application, whether provisional or...

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Alice vs. CLS saga

This image depicts a Court Hammer being kept above a Computer Keyboard.This image is relevant as the post is about Alice vs. CLS Saga. Click on the image for more information

This post was first published on 19th September, 2014.   A thought is emerging in the US that the Alice vs. CLS decision was a game-changer and that software patent protection in the country has been seriously eroded. Let us see what happened between them and how it affects us. Who is Alice? Alice Corporation claims to be an innovator in financial markets. The Company has obtained patents on its innovations worldwide, including in the United States. It was founded by privately-held Alice Ventures (AV) in the early 1990s, National Australia Bank Limited (NAB) became a shareholder in 1995 and a 50% shareholder in...

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