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Intellectual Property News and Analysis – Intellepedia

Intellectual Property Protection for Computer Programs – Part IV

This image depicts compilation of source code of a program. This image is relevant as the post is about Intellectual property protection for programs. Click on the image for more information

This post was first published on 15th October, 2014.   In the final post of this series, we shall be looking into the concept of software patents and examining the extent to which patent law is effective in protecting computer programs. As mentioned earlier, protection of computer programs under the Copyright Law is limited to the protection of the literal elements of a computer program, i.e., the source code and the object code, and does not extend to the underlying idea and functional elements of the software. A patent, on the other hand, grants a more secure protection than Trade Secret or Copyright,...

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Fair Use vs. Copyright Infringement

The image has multiple copyright symbols in different colours. The post discusses some cases on fair use exception. Click on image to read post.

  This post was first published on 1st September 2014.   1. Cariou vs. Prince Photograph: Patrick Cariou - 2000; Adaptation: Richard Prince – 2008(both via artnet)  Richard Prince, the well-known appropriation artist - one who transforms the work of others to create new meaning in his work was sued by Patrick Cariou, a lesser-known photographer when Prince used several of Cariou’s photographs in a series of collages that were sold for tens of millions of dollars. Richard Prince, for an exhibition in the Gagosian Gallery, appropriated 41 images from a photography book by French photographer Patrick Cariou. Prince claimed Fair Use for the creation of his...

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Patentability of Laws of Nature

This image depicts the Court Hammer. This image is relevant as patent has been rejected for the Laws of Nature. Click on the image for more information

This post was first published on 2nd September, 2014.   Today we will discuss a case where a patent was rejected based on the patent ineligible subject matter. Mayo Collaborative Services (Appellants) and Prometheus Laboratories (Respondents) Patents in Dispute: US 6,355,623 and US 6,680,302 Case: Prometheus had an exclusive license over these patents and Mayo was using diagnostic kits based on these patents from Prometheus until 2004 after which Mayo developed its own diagnostic tests for the same purpose. Prometheus sued Mayo for infringement at the District Court in 2004. The claims of the patents were directed to a method of treating a patient with auto-immune gastrointestinal disorder by determining the...

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Father of the Electronic Idiot Box

This image depicts Philo Fransworth with a Television of the medieval era. This image is relevant as the post is about patent of the Idiot Box. Click on this image for more information

This post was first published on 2nd September, 2014.   Mr. Fransworth is regarded as the Father of Television. I would rename him as Father of Electronic Television, as most of us, including me, have learned in our school days that Mr. John Logie Baird is the Father of Television. The truth is Mr. Baird’s television was based on electro-mechanical systems, whereas Mr. Fransworth’s television was electronic. Mr. Fransworth showed glimpses of his brilliance since childhood by describing and diagramming a television in 1921, when he was just 14 years old. After dropping out of college due to adverse financial conditions, at the age of 20,...

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Post-dating Patent Applications

This post was first published on 15th July, 2014.   A provisional patent application is usually filed with a singular purpose - To gain the first (earliest) filing date or to gain priority for the application. As we are aware, gaining priority or an earlier filing date is imperative to the patent grant process. Why then, do we find so many of us opting to post-date their provisional application before filing a complete specification? Post-dating refers to the shift in the Priority date of an application to a later date. The post-dating provision is available in various jurisdictions and in India, an application, whether provisional or...

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Alice vs. CLS saga

This image depicts a Court Hammer being kept above a Computer Keyboard.This image is relevant as the post is about Alice vs. CLS Saga. Click on the image for more information

This post was first published on 19th September, 2014.   A thought is emerging in the US that the Alice vs. CLS decision was a game-changer and that software patent protection in the country has been seriously eroded. Let us see what happened between them and how it affects us. Who is Alice? Alice Corporation claims to be an innovator in financial markets. The Company has obtained patents on its innovations worldwide, including in the United States. It was founded by privately-held Alice Ventures (AV) in the early 1990s, National Australia Bank Limited (NAB) became a shareholder in 1995 and a 50% shareholder in...

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Prosecution History E’stop’pel!

This image depicts a prototype of word STOP being chained from both the sides. This image is relevant as this post is about Prosecution History E’stop’pel. Click on this image for more information

This post was first published on 3rd September, 2014.   All of us have experienced times when things don’t work the way we want them to when we really need them to. Exactly the same way, extended protection given to the patentee under the Doctrine of Equivalents (DOE) doesn’t always help you when you need it the most. Many a time, the application has to be amended in order to accommodate the Patent Law requirements, which is called the Prosecution History or File-Wrapper. Prosecution History Estoppel is an exception to the general rule of DOE (after the Festo case) which says that "where...

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Dr. Jonas Salk – The True Humanitarian

This image depicts a Black & WHite Photograph of Jonas Salk. This image is relevant as he is a true humanitarian who has invented Polio Vaccine. Click on the image for more information

This post was first published on 31st October, 2014.   Some people work towards finding solutions to a better way of life, round the clock. The youth of today is independent, confident and progressive. The world feels like a wonderful place to live in. But we wouldn’t have been able to “stand on our own legs”, literally, if not for a wonderful human being called Dr. Jonas Salk. October 28, 2014, on the day we celebrate as the birth centenary of the man who made billions of kids stand on their own legs, a small tribute to the great soul will be...

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Evidence Required to Determine Well Knownness of a Trademark – Part III

This image depicts several well known brand logos such as McDonald's and Coca-Cola. This post is about the transborder reputation of well known marks. Click on the image to read the full post.

This post was first published on 3rd July, 2014.   As discussed in my previous post, the claimant of well knownness of a trademark is required to prove the popularity of the mark among relevant public by submitting cogent, clear and convincing documentary proof. In this post, we will be discussing the list of documents that the courts or the Trademark Office considers as valid proof for determining the well knownness of a trademark. Although a hard and fast rule cannot be drawn with respect to the acceptable evidences before a court of law, the following list is drawn from interpretation of various...

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Tesla’s Open Source Patent Saga

  This post was first published on 1st July, 2014.   After the recent, almost philanthropic action of Tesla's, there seem to be several nagging unanswered questions looming in our heads. Here are a few that we have addressed for you, Dear Reader.   Who is Tesla? Tesla Motors is the name of a Californian Automobile Company founded in 2003 by a group of Silicon Valley Engineers who set out to prove that electric vehicles could be awesome. Their sports car Tesla Roadster hit the roads in early 2008, the car that can go from 0 to 60 mph in 3.7 seconds and travel for 245 miles per...

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