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Intellepedia – IP News Center

India, Start Ups, Funding and Intellectual Property

This image depicts the title of the Article Start Up, Funding and Intellectual Property. Click on the image for more information

This post was first published on 9th December, 2014.   Funding activities during the last quarter, especially when it comes to start ups, was great! Apart from the US$ 1 Billion Fundraising by FlipKart, India saw several start ups being funded at various levels. A Report indicates 93 deals and a total funding of INR 97,738 Million. With the FlipKart deal, e-commerce businesses lead the pack in percentage of start ups funded based on sector. With respect to start up activities in the country, a 2014 NASSCOM Report rated India as the fastest growing start up ecosystem and the third largest in the world....

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An In-Depth look at the Trademark Registration Process- Part 1

The image reads 'Trademark Registration and Protection' with a heap of Trademark signs in the backdrop. This post talks about the process of trademark registration. Click on the image to read the full post.

This post was first published on 2nd July, 2014.   A trademark is a sign that is used to identify goods and services as those produced or provided by a specific person or enterprise. It helps in distinguishing those goods and services from similar ones provided by another. For example, ‘Apple’ is the trademark that identifies goods and services manufactured and distributed by Apple Inc. The object of trademark law is to deal with the precise nature of rights, which a person can acquire with respect to trademarks, the mode of acquisition of such rights, the method of transfer of those rights to...

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Inventive Step – Technical Advance

This post was published on 18th September, 2013.   In a recent case decided by the IPAB at a circuit sitting bench in Delhi on 5th July 2013, the Appellant (Electronic Navigation Research Institute, Tokyo) claimed that it had invented “A Chaos Theoretical Exponent Value Calculation system” and applied for patent under 3624/DELNP/2005. The Deputy Controller held that the functions of the this system was based on mathematical method for solving mathematical equations, and declined to accept the technical effect theory followed under European Patent law, as he was of the opinion that the Indian patent law does not allow patents for...

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Conceptualizing Copyright Assignments & Licenses Part – I

The image has a huge copyright sign at the center of it. The post is about copyright assignment. Click on image to view post.

This post was first published on 25th June, 2014.   This blog series is intended to conceptualize the principles behind copyright assignments and licenses. Copyrights, like any other Intellectual Property Rights are considered a part of Property Rights and hence can be transferred just as corporeal properties. This transfer of ownership under Copyright Law happens in three different ways; first, by executing an Assignment deed; Second, by executing a License Agreement; and third, by transmission of rights by way of operation of law. In this post, I will analyze the concept of Copyright Assignment and the relevant legal provisions with respect to Assignment of Copyrights in India. Meaning...

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Making Institutional Research Count

Intellectual Property

This post was first published on 25th July, 2013.   Public Funded Research Institutions and educational institutions in India have begun to realise the importance of commercialising their Intellectual Property, a phenomenon that was long overdue. While a large number of these institutions are yet to be woken up to the trend, those that have tasted success are willing to explore further in order to push their returns northwards. Commercialising intellectual properties of research institutions has obvious benefits: when returns grow up in proportion to the research investments, institutes will feel little need to look elsewhere for funds; commercialisation is the most convenient...

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Doctrine of Foreign Equivalents – Part 2

The image reads Trademarks. The post is about interesting development in trademark law. Click on the image to read the full post.

This post was first published on 14th October, 2014.   As discussed in our earlier post, the Doctrine of Foreign Equivalents under the Trademarks Law requires the Trademark Office to translate foreign words to English in order to determine whether certain marks qualify for trademark registration or not. In this post, we are looking into whether the Indian Courts consider this doctrine an acceptable principle of the Trademark Law. Indian Courts have not faced the question of applicability of this doctrine in many cases yet. The Bombay High court had discussed the applicability of the doctrine in the 1997 case of Aktiebolaget Volvo of...

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The TSM Test and Non-obviousness

This image depicts two dolphins jumping high over the sea with the sunset in the Background. This image is relevant as it deals with TSM test which is the Teaching, Suggestion and Motivation test. Click on the image for more information.

This post was first published on 6th December, 2014.   TSM test is the Teaching, Suggestion and Motivation test. It simply means, when analysing the obviousness of an invention while comparing it with prior art, these are the three questions that have to be asked: Is the prior art quoted instrumental in teaching the reader the method of producing the invention? Does the prior art or any of its contents suggest any method of producing the invention in question? Does the prior art talk about problems related to a particular technology motivating an invention in a particular manner? It must be well understood by now that...

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Talking Walking Stick – Blind Patents 1

This post was first published on 19th August, 2014.   Every blind person aspires to live a life of independence, a life of freedom and free will, a life free from intrusion, physical and psychological. Some patented inventions have attempted to enhance this very independence, and I will, in my upcoming posts, endeavor to take an unbiased look at some of them. In 1991, Hsieh Chi-Sheng filed a patent for an electronic talking stick for the blind. Before we get into details, one must understand the role of a stick, or cane, in a blind man's life. It is, simply put, the most important tool for...

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A Peek into the Central Board for Film Certification

The image depicts a sign "Restricted -18 years and above"

This post was first published on 2nd September, 2014.   What is the Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC)? The Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC) is a statutory body under the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, regulating public exhibition of films under the provisions of the Cinematograph Act, 1952. Films can be publicly exhibited in India only after they have been certified by the CBFC. What is its constitution? The Board consists of non-official members and a Chairman (all of whom are appointed by the Central Government) and functions with its headquarters at Mumbai. Leela Samson is the present Chairman of the CFBC. It has...

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Sense your Surroundings – Patents for the Blind 5

This image depicts a person wearing a black glass. This image is relevant as the post is about Wearable navigation assistance for the vision-impaired. Click on the image for more information

This post was first published on 15th September, 2014.   In my earlier posts (Post1, Post2, Post3, Post4), we discussed the mobility of a visually disabled person that is directly proportional to his awareness of the environment. The more he knows about his surroundings, the easier it gets for him to move around. An issue in achieving this, is the extent of the person's sensory involvement. Most blind people use auditory signals to understand the state of the environment and a navigation device is better off leaving sound signals alone. The touch is another sense that is extensively used for mobility. Owing to the human...

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