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Author: BananaIP Reporter

BananaIP Counsels > Articles posted by BananaIP Reporter (Page 35)

Licensing of Software Does Not Give Rise to Patent Exhaustion

First Publication Date: 20th September 2010 The United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit clarified the legal confusion that was existing on the application of the first sale doctrine or doctrine of patent exhaustion with respect to software licenses. The Court clarified that the exclusive distribution right is limited by the first sale doctrine, which is an affirmative defense to copyright infringement that allows owners of copies of copyrighted works to resell those copies. Further the Hon’ble Court held that the exclusive reproduction right is limited within the software and this affirmative defense is unavailable to those who are...

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The Indian Patent Office and Secrecy Directions

First Publication Date: 16th August 2010 As per Section (35) of the Patents Act, 1970, the Controller may notify a patent application (i.e. a patent application before the grant/refusal) as a secret. The patent application may be of a class notified by the Central Government as relevant for defense purposes or may be up to the discretion of the Controller. The patent applicant is further prohibited from publishing information related to the patent application or communicating information related to the patent application to any third party. The patent application is then forwarded to the Central Government for consideration, whether the public...

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Bilski’s Invention Falls, Business Methods Survive

First Publication Date: 29th June 2010 The much awaited Bilski decision has been pronounced by the US Supreme Court (Bilski v. Kappos). This closely watched and highly discussed case revolves around patentability of Bilski's hedging of risks business method invention. From the day when the patent examiner rejected Bilski's claims calling them 'mere manipulation of an abstract idea' the controversy has given rise to a lot of potent questions including the likes of patentability of software and business methods and restrictions on 35 USC 101. The debate got aggravated when the Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit (CAFC) decided that the...

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Patent Troll in India?

First Publication Date: 10th June 2010 NTP has filed a patent infringement suit in a US District Court against Apple, Google, Microsoft, Motorola, HTC and LG. It alleged in the suit that the companies are liable for infringing eight of its patents relating to sending emails over wireless networks. This suit is significant because of two reasons: a. NTP is a patent troll, whose business model revolves around acquiring patents and licensing or enforcing them. It does not have any research activity and allowability of patent trolls for the said reasons had therefore been the subject of debate at the policy level;...

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Another Patent Granted Over Medicinal Value of Cow’s Urine

This image depicts a heard of cows. This post discusses the patents that have been filed for the composition of cow urine and its uses. Click on the image to read the full post.

First Publication Date: 24th June 2010.   A patent was granted to CSIR with respect to a composition useful for protecting and/or repairing DNA from oxidative damages. The value of cow's urine has been emphasized in ancient Indian texts including the rig veda. Cow's urine is known to not only have medicinal value but is also used to purify ayurvedic medicines. The patent granted to CSIR claims a composition for preventing and repairing damage to DNA due to oxidation. The patent abstract and the first claim has been provided hereunder for your reference: United States Patent 7,718,360 ________________________________________ Composition (RCUD) for protecting and/or repairing DNA...

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Can a Method of Performing Yoga be Patented?

This image depicts a person in a yoga asana. His body has been divided into the traditional four zones targetted by yoga healing. This post explores if the way of performing yoga may be patented. Click on the image to read the full post.

  First Publication Date: 9th June 2010   The Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) has recently incorporated materials on yoga to the Traditional Knowledge Digital Library (TKDL). The materials include data on various yoga postures and videos relating to them. The information on yoga has been collected by CSIR from ancient Indian texts such as Patanjali. As per Dr. Gupta from CSIR, the addition of the materials to TKDL will play an important role in preventing patent grants relating to yoga in the USA, Europe and other countries. The efforts of CSIR raise the question of whether yoga postures and processes can...

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Copyright Infringement: Bharat Law House vs. Wadhwa

First Publication Date: 13th June 2010 Supreme Court vacated Interim Application passed in favor of plaintiff and also allowed the IA in favor of defendants. This case is a hearing of interim application before Supreme Court while main suit was pending for trial. Case Facts Well-known authors Ratanlal and Dhirajlal wrote books on IPC, CrPC, Evidence Act, Torts, Law of Crimes and Bombay Criminal Cases. All these six books were assigned to the defendants by Mrs. Mary. Later, assignor and the defendants had a legal dispute which was finally settled by a compromise decree in court. As per decree, defendants were entitled to assignment of 4 books out of...

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IP in Everyday Life – Godrej Tribolt

First Publication Date: 27th May 2010   I noticed this Godrej Tribolt lock (which can be seen below)     carrying prominent notices about the Intellectual Property related to it (seen below)   The above notice is an example of a good patent notice, in that it complies with S.111(1) of the Indian Patent Act, 1970, which reads as In a suit for infringement of a patent, damages or an account of profits shall not be granted against the defendant who proves that at the date of the infringement he was not aware and had no reasonable grounds for believing that the patent existed. A person shall not be...

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IP in Everyday Life – Aircraft Seat Belts

First Publication Date: 7th June 2010 Most of us fly frequently. But, we might not have paid attention to the most vital piece of safety equipment for a passenger; the seat belt. If you flip the receptacle portion of the belt, you will see a notice which states "Patent 5088160". The referred patent is assigned to Am-safe, Inc and was filed on February 5, 1990 (and has subsequently expired on February 5, 2010). The two independent claims are as follows: Claim 1: A webbing adjustor for adjusting and locking seat belt webbing which is anchored at one end, the webbing adjuster including a base...

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Synthetic cell: Patent or No Patent?

First Publication Date: 27th May 2010. After reading today’s article titled “Patent-run for synthetic life form could be ‘damaging’, says Brit scientist” I thought I was having a Déjà vu. Looks like, once again, history repeats itself. Have you ever wondered as to why every time there is substantial progress in the field of Synthetic biology, we get mixed reactions? We are happy about the progress but when it comes to rewarding a patent to the inventors for the progress, we are reluctant. The saga began when Dr. Chakrabarty applied for a patent for his genetically modified Pseudomonas. It instigated the whole...

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